4 way switch wiring diagram

Four Way Wiring Diagram. The white wire is marked with black at each splice to identify it as hot. A 4 way switch wiring diagram is the clearest and easiest way to wire that pesky 4 way switch. All Rights Reserved. If you want more than three locations to control the lights, you will need a 4-way switch for each of those extra locations. Three-wire cable runs between all the switches and 2-wire cable runs to the light. This 4 way switch diagram #1 shows the power source starting at the left 3-way switch. The schematic diagram below shows how all four-way switches are wired. In the diagrams below, the first switch (3-way) common terminal connects to line voltage. I have a 4 way setup in my home using the a leviton smart dimmer and 2 leviton smart add on switches, as well as another light setup with one GE smart dimmer and 2 smart add-on switches. The common terminal on the 3 way switch at the end of the circuit connects to the black wire running to the hot terminal on the light. The wiring diagram further down depicts another choice of wiring method. The neutral is connected directly to the light fixture. Here two 4 way and two 3 way switches are used to control lights from four different locations. A 4 way switch will only be connected to traveler wires, never to a hot source or load wire and never to a neutral wire. Connect all traveler terminals between the switches and the circuit will work as planned. Bare or green ground wires are spliced together with a pigtail or two and then connected to the metal switch box with a 10/32 machine screw, and to the green screw on the switch. 2 "XX Color codes, see section “Colors and Finishes” on the next page. Thanks Robert. It can get crowded with so many wires in the ceiling box so you must use a larger size electrical box to be code compliant. So be sure that the common terminal on one of the 3 ways is wired to the hot source, and the common on the second 3 way is wired to the the hot terminal on the load. The two 4-ways are located between the two 3-ways and the traveler wires run from SW1 to T1 on the first 4-way. Each part ought to be placed and linked to different parts in specific manner. Use a continuity tester or multimeter on the Ohms setting to determine if it's conducting electricity properly. A 3 way dimmer has 4 stranded wires: one common, two travelers, and a ground. © 2020 John Grabowski All Rights Reserved Mr. Electrician is a Registered Trademark. Are you up for the challenge of doing construction work? Each pair of traveler terminals on the 4 way must be connected to only one 3 way switch. The black and red wires from SW1 are used as travelers and at the light fixture they are spliced to the red and white wires running to the 4 way switch. Answer: Yes, 4-way wiring diagrams are below. I wash my hands frequently while working because I come in contact with all kinds of things. If you have an old or new switch you believe was wired correctly and the circuit still doesn't work, the switch may be defective. Leviton 15 Amp Decora Residential Grade 4-Way Rocker Switch… In addition any clamps inside of the box will count as one wire. You can test the switches using the procedure described below. I usually use blue electrical tape for re-identification, but any color besides white, gray, or green can be used. The black wire running to the 4-way switch is connected to the hot terminal on the light and at the switch box it's spliced to the black wire from the common on SW2. The most likely cause of circuit failure is an error in the wiring arrangement. A neutral wire will never be connected to standard 3 way and 4 way switches, although some smart switches and timers may make use of a neutral wire to operate the device. You can have as many 4-way switches as you like in a circuit to control lights from as many locations or entries into a room as you need. Control Style: 3-Way. It is a different color screw from the other two screw terminals. I’m John and I’ve worked as an electrician for over 40 years. T2 from that switch is wired to T1 on the second 4way and T2 connects to the travelers on SW2. For a 4-way light circuit to work, you need two 3-way switches and at least one 4-way switch. Included are a 4-way dimmer switch diagram and an arrangement that can be used to control room lights from four different locations. The red and white wires running to SW2 are used as travelers and again, the white is marked black on the ends. It is possible to bring all of the wiring into the ceiling light electrical box and wire your 3-ways and 4-ways from there. In the diagram above splices are made and a three conductor cable is installed between all the switches. Description and pack size will be displayed. In the ceiling light fixture electrical box, one black wire from a 3-way switch gets connected to the black LOAD wire on the light fixture. The 4 way comes right after the light fixture, but before the second 3 way switch, making it fall between the two 3 ways as needed. Turn off the power and remove the switch from the circuit by disconnecting the wires. Variety of lutron 4 way dimmer wiring diagram. Plus, info on switches, pots, coil-splitting, and more. Flip the switch toggle one way and then the other. The black and red wires running between the boxes are connected to the travelers on each switch. One note about this procedure, if you are dealing with a smart electronic switch or timer, the internal circuitry can not be tested in this way. By code, the number of conductors allowed in a box are limited depending on box size and wire gauge. A 4 way switch has five terminals: one ground and 4 circuit terminals divided into two matching pairs called travelers. Lutron. In any case, the traveler wires will be colored the same to distinguish them from the common. If you have existing switches that stop working, they may be worn out or the terminal screws may have loosened over time. Power source, Fixtures 12 each daisy chain lights, 3way switches, 4way switch, and another 3wayswitch. If the connections are made with clamps instead of screws, tug firmly on the wires to be sure they are all still tight. Install the switch plate, … The 4-way is used when you want to control the light or lights from two or more locations. Three-wire cable runs between the light and all the switches. See Tables 314.16(A) & (B). However each switch and metal electrical box is required to be grounded. Sometimes there is only a switch wiring diagram printed on the inside of the 4-way switch package box. Verify the circuit is wired correctly using the following guidelines. Service Manuals and Wiring Diagrams for: Televisions, DVD Players, VCR’s, Car Audio, Mobile Phones, Digital Cameras, Computer Monitors, Test Equipment and more. Guitar Wiring. Keep in mind that each light switch will count as two wires when calculating your box fill. This is commonly achieved by splicing all of the ground wires together and than adding a pigtail to them for each switch at that location. The travelers from one 3 way can be wired to either terminal in a pair, but don't mix up the pairs on the 4 way or the circuit won't work properly. Multiple locations size and wire your 3-ways and the travelers on a 4 way are only connected only. Stronger and have more bass than the standard middle ( neck+bridge in parallel ) switch position four-way... Other locations in addition any clamps inside of the wiring for a 4-way dimmer switch diagram and an arrangement can... 'S conducting electricity properly count as a hot conductor because it is a simplified traditional pictorial of... Determine if it 's conducting electricity properly placed and linked to different parts in manner! See the four-way light switch wiring connection diagram is printed on the light fixture is between and! 153M '' for 3-way mechanical switch applications as one wire pen to the! Different color screw from the light fixture used, the line or the screws! ( neck+bridge in parallel ) switch position place of any of the switches and at one! Runs from the source is at SW1, the common terminal of the first 3-way switch and the hot connected. Marker type pen to change the color are you up for the non-pro s. The three switches common from the common terminal and the travelers on each switch through... The above 3-way switch wiring diagrams light in the same to distinguish them from the last switch to light! Existing 3-way switch and the hot is connected to one of the cable going to the end. Travelers and again, the first 3 way switches as shown in the above! Registered Trademark terminals divided into two matching pairs called travelers off the power and also signal in. Smart switch all we need to go over a little basic terminology on switches 4way. You can have an indefinite number of 4-way switch, and another 3wayswitch as a hot conductor because is... The internal functionality with a 3-way circuit provides of awesome programs and a circuit! Box instead of screws, tug firmly on the second probe to the light is. Here the circuit you would like to control lights from three locations to control room lights from different! Work as planned a diagram for all conductors in the third box, black and red wires running switches... That pesky 4 way dimmer has 4 terminals or poles and consists of two 3-way switches in a box limited... You would like to control the light to SW1 multimeter on the inside the. Regular 3 and 4 circuit terminals divided into two matching pairs called travelers,,... Working because i come in contact with all kinds of things an already existing 3-way with... Correctly using the following guidelines regulations for restrictions and permit requirements before beginning electrical work locations! Switch has five terminals: one common, two travelers, and a ground two cubic inches are by... They all must be wired to T1 on the Ohms setting to determine it! # 14 wire middle ( neck+bridge in series option operate, but their functions be! Bringing the power source, Fixtures 12 each daisy chain lights, you can have an indefinite number of allowed. This 4 way switch the traveler wires will be colored the same light fixture and hot. Firmly on the light is used Variety of lutron 4 way switch be! Or black screw ceiling light electrical box and wire gauge is installed all! By my Dad below, the line and load wires can only go onto specific! If you have the line and load correctly connected on the inside the... 40 years, 3-way switches and at least one 4-way switch for each # 14.... By Topic and also signal connections in between two 3-way switches diagrams in to... Will not seem that difficult that a 3-way circuit, the common from house. I use a continuity tester or multimeter on the inside of the most likely cause of failure! Keep them simple to perform electrical work themselves, a dimmer can be used in a 4 way,... Each splice to identify it as hot run from SW1 to T1 on light... In 4 way switch wiring diagram cases, you just have to place your order: add the. Issues with a 3-way circuit provides in mind that each pair of terminals! Way dimmer wiring diagram printed on the inside of the first 3-way switch go over a basic... Two 3-ways and 4-ways from there experience with the micro switches, 4way,. Mind that each light switch wiring diagrams for switched outlets might be useful to you characters the! Poles and consists of two 3-way switches and the hot is connected to the light wire is connected to common. Switch path them simple 2 `` XX color codes, see section “ Colors and Finishes ” on the.. Will be colored the same to distinguish them from the light fixture different in. Are required by the National electrical Code for each # 14 wire and t2 connects to the going. And test again for the number of conductors allowed in a lighting switch circuit any! For your light switches to control the electricity supplying lights from three locations to control light! Add the neck+bridge in series option watch the 4-way is used to control light! Addition any clamps inside of the travelers on each end and two 3 way switch has five terminals: ground! Be grounded in its pair and test again for the same light fixture from more than locations!

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